"There is no position which depends on clearer principles, than that every act of a delegated authority, contrary to the tenor of the commission under which it is exercised, is void. No legislative act, therefore, contrary to the Constitution, can be valid. To deny this, would be to affirm, that the deputy is greater than his principal; that the servant is above his master; that the representatives of the people are superior to the people themselves; that men acting by virtue of powers, may do not only what their powers do not authorize, but what they forbid."
Alexander Hamilton
(1757-1804) American statesman, Secretary of the Treasury
The Federalist No. 78.
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Reader comments about this quote:
So very true....the very reason that our forefathers saw and knew that despots would seek election and usurp authority to get their self sanctified reward. The very reason also, our forefathers gave us nullification to deny these despots their usurped authority. When one has had enough of the chains, nullify.
 -- charley denver, Denver     
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    In other words, any act or law contrary to the Constitution is null and void. This doesn't matter to the powers that be, however.
     -- jim k, Austin, Tx     
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    We hold this truth to be self evident. That I could rate this an innumerable times with incalculable stars. If the individual sovereign can not do a thing, his representative can not do it. ALL ! ! ! compelled compliance, license, victimless crimes, larceny with impunity (funny money, income / property tax, etc.) and limitation or denial of inalienable rights are criminal acts of an unlawful government.
     -- Mike, Norwalk     
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    Ten bucks Hamilton was a traitor and a mole - not for King George but for the Bank of England/City of London tribe (which is its own nation like the Vatican.) If having a Jewish mother makes one a Jew (Israeli law), then no less authority than the Jewish Virtual Library pegs Hamilton as a Jew bastard. (His mother never divorced her first husband before she had Alexander with his Scottish father out of wedlock.)

    Hamilton is directly responsible for the first two PRIVATE central banks disguised as government - the ominous sounding Bank of North America (BNA) and the First Bank of the US! Both are carbon copies of the PRIVATELY (Rothschild) held Bank of England, as was the 2nd Bank of the US (that Madison had to give into to end the war of 1812 and that Jackson killed,) and IS the "FED."

    Hamilton had to write brilliant articles like No. 78 where this quote is taken from, to "sell" the public on replacing the VASTLY superior Articles of Confederation - under which we (America) ostensibly kicked the butt of the world's greatest "super power" at the time - with his masters' CONstitution. Hamilton even co opted the term "federalist" which is supposed to mean someone in favor of very small, very limited central government - forcing those who were opposed to the impending power grab to call themselves "Anti-federalists"! Orwellian double speak before Orwell!

    What Hamilton was after was the MONEY POWER, as President Van Buren (Jackson's Veep) always wrote it. A careful reading of the money powers under the Articles of Confederation compared with those under the CONstitution shows why America is a fup duck banksters' paradise today where we are all debt slaves.

    Under the Articles, the central government could NOT issue money unless a super majority (9/13) of the States approved. It could not borrow money but on the same conditions. It could not tax. States could and DID issue their own money - debt and usury free - one of the REAL reasons for the war of secession of the original confederacy of States from their hitherto "lawful" government of England.

    Besides laying the foundation for imperial presidents like Dubya and Obomber, the CONstitution created a defacto hidden 4th branch of government - the MONEY POWER - with as much power as the other three branches put together, and with NO accountability, ZERO "checks and balances."

    And that, compatriots, is why we Americans "are" where we are today. As Jim K pointed out above, THEY - TPTB don't even pretend to obey the CONstitution. The most promising remedy - antidote to the poison of the CONstitution is the Blessed Tenth. The tenth amendment - where the States reserve the power to NULLIFY "federal" (really uber-nationalist) laws, that the STATES THEMSELVES determine unconstitutional. Michael Boldin and crew at the Tenth Amendment Center are in the vanguard of restoring some sanity and Liberty to our lives via NULLIFICATION and I encourage you to join us.


    Already Kansas has taken the lead, with even stronger language from Missouri NULLIFYING all "federal" gun control laws in those states! Florida has NULLIFIED drones! The majority of states now have or are considering some NULLIFICATION.

    We can NULLIFY:
    Patriot Act
    NDAA/Military Commissions Act
    Domestic Spying
    restore posse comitatus law, habeas corpus, and the State militias
    restore clean water laws (that Cheney lead the destruction of for Haliburton fracking)

    We can not only downsize DC - the District of Corruption - we can make it irrelevant. We can restore State Rights and Sovereignty. And ultimately we can END THE FED by NULLIFYING it (and its legbreakers at the IRS.)

    Liberty, Peace, Prosperity and Love
     -- Jimi Bigbear, Libertyville, IA     
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    Jimi Bigbear, well said and I agree. What is up with the thumbs down. Much more could be said about the malefactor while, your thumb's down shoots the messenger as well as the message. What specifically gives a thumbs down to the stand alone message ?
     -- Mike, Norwalk     
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    I may not agree with all that Alexander Hamilton believed, especially his creation of a Central Bank, but in regards to this quote - I fully agree.
    No Act, Law, President, Judge or Legislator is superior to the U.S. Constitution. And, in swearing their sacred oath of office they have made a contract to stay within the enumerated confines and limitations of the contract they made upon swearing their sacred oath and covenant to this nation's ONLY Supreme Rule of Law.
    Any law or Act that supersedes the Supreme Rule of Law and runs contrary to it is null and void. That is why I fully support the efforts and initiatives of the 10th Amendment Center.
    Oh, and Jimi Bigbear, Libertyville, IA - I find your broad brush denigration of all those descended from Jews (Hebrews) and of Jewish descent disgusting and vile.
    You seem to have dismissed the fact that Jesus, Mary & Joseph were Hebrews (Jews).
     -- Mary - MI     
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     -- Rita, Richland      
    The quote is from an argument to ease fears that the new government could go 'rogue.' But unconstitutional laws are passed all the time and are not recognized void until a court decides. Will Obama's acts be nullified once the truth is out that he is not a natural born citizen? Never happen. Sort of like all the Catholics burning in hell for eating meat on Friday until the Pope changed the 'rules.'

    I do agree that Hamilton was connected with the Rothschilds and the central bank formed during Washington's presidency under the direction of Hamilton. As far as Bigbear's argument about Jews, is Roman Catholic history much different? Catholics vs Protestants vs Muslims vs Jews vs all the pagan cities they destroyed in their hey day -- power corrupts and eventually the victor claims they are God's chosen ones. But I digress.

    State sovereignty (via individual sovereignty) must be reasserted to throw off the unconstitutional 'national' government -- which is indeed under the thumb of the banking cartel.
     -- E Archer, NYC     
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    Hey Mike,
    I rate what Hamilton said as thumbs down because it was a CON! It is the carnival barker trying to get people into the tent. If I had lived then and know what I know now, like sitting Vice President Aaron Burr, I would have gut shot the bastard Hamilton too. (and I'm betting it wasn't over some tawdry romantic thing as we were indoctrinated in the Dewey Camps.)

    Defender of the Chosen.
    WHAT "broad brush denigration?"
    It was the (presumably) Jewish folks at Jewish Virtual Library who proclaimed Hamilton a Jew bastard - not me!

    MANY people would find your claim that Jesus was a Jew, "vile and disgusting." Me? I don't profess to know. In Gibson's movie he spoke Aramaic - a Semite tongue - but he could have been Arab from Syria or a Palestinian and done so.

    I just know from what I've read with my own eyes, that the Talmud says that Jesus' mother was a whore who conceived Jesus while she was menstruating and that the Jews gladly killed Jesus and that he is now in hell, boiling in either semen or excrement. Look it up.
     -- Jimi Bigbear, Libertyville, IA     
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    The here term: "delegated authority" is a subtle reminder that no matter what systemic form a body politic takes or administers from, the de jure and only source of authority derives uniquely and directly from the individual sovereign. The demonic use of "sovereignty" is now a bastard term and concept abused by the occupying statist theocracy infesting this land. The "State" now claims sovereignty in its existence as being in toto aloof from the individual sovereign 'We The People'. By an extremely terse list, foreign carnal gods enslave their/its chattel by execution of compelled compliance, license/title of nobilities, victimless crimes, larceny with impunity (2nd plank of the communist manifesto, Social Security, police state confiscations, etc.), and non-recognition of perfected allodium/ownership and nature's endowed inalienable rights. In a true representative republican form of government, the deputy can NOT! ! ! become greater than his principal by at least - the enactment of the here terse list.
     -- Mike, Norwalk     
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    Without shooting the messenger ! The quote stands alone.
    Jimi Bigbear, Libertyville, IA, You destroy Your message of hope, through bias hatred for those you claim to know nothing about. As for the Tenth Amendment Center, you blacken their reputation with vile sentiment, speaking as a Nadiyb tyrant. Showing yourself to be Churl siding with the likes of Hamas. You hi-jack the treasure of liberty, while denying its true source of power. Your evil communications corrupt your good manners, if there are any. Your ignorance outways your knowledge. By far.
    For those of us, we Hebrews, who are lovers of Liberty and Freedom, it is the likes of your kind, worldwide, that some Hebrews sought refuge in America pursuing a wholesome life and peace from tyrannical oppression. And yes, Hamilton showed himself to be a Qadesh banker, receiving his just reward. Semper Fi and God Bless
     -- Ronw13, OR     
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    Sovereignty is ⋯ the self-sufficient source of political power, from which all specific political powers are derived (Blacks Law Dictionary) The very meaning of sovereignty is that the decree of the sovereign makes law. (American Banana Co. vs. United Fruit Co., 29 S.Ct. 511, 513, 213 U.S. 347, 53 L.Ed. 826, 19 Ann.Cas. 1047.) The question here has to be ask: WHAT LAW? As described in the Declaration of Independence: the laws of nature and of natures God / natural law is the unique and only answer within a de jure representative republican form of government. Because corporeal man can NOT ! ! ! make natural law (gravity, physics, fiscal law, etc.) he (the individual sovereign) uses tools such as codes, ordinances, regulations, rules, statutes, etc. to define said law in making ORDER. All acts or canons antithetical to or outside of said natural law are criminal and can NOT legitimately or licitly be made or ordered.

    The individual sovereigns united have delegated (NOT given up) certain authority to deputies (or otherwise representatives of inalienable rights equal under the law) administer their inalienable sovereign rights uniquely concerning life, liberty and property. ALL other acts by deputies, representatives, employees, etc. is/are criminal.

    The entire spectrum of LIFE consists of adhering to the highest standard conceivable concerning the nobility of life. By historical perspective, logic, reasoning and otherwise, it has been determined that the law (tools of order) is best served through definitions such as 1st degree, 2nd degree, manslaughter, etc. Such carnal laws that are in harmony with human sacrifice (murdering the unborn to the gods of pleasure and life style) are criminal acts, not law of the sovereign.

    Liberty is: The power of acting as one thinks fit, without any restraint or control, except from the laws of nature. (Bouviers Law Dictionary) Liberty is the exemption from extraneous control. The power of the will, in its moral freedom, to follow the dictates of its unrestricted choice, and to direct the external acts of the individual without restraint, coercion, or control from other persons. Liberty is the right which nature gives to all mankind of disposing of their persons and property after the manner they judge most consistent with their happiness, on condition of their acting within the limits of the law of nature, and so as not to interfere with an equal exercise of the same rights by other men. (Blacks Law Dictionary 1st ed.). Clarifying original fact, natural law intent, and de jure jurisprudence: Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal rights of others. I do not add 'within the limits of the law,' because law is often but the tyrant's will, and always so when it violates the rights of the individual. (Thomas Jefferson) Personal liberty, or the Right to enjoyment of life and liberty, is one of the fundamental or natural Rights, which has been protected by its inclusion as a guarantee in the various constitutions, which is not derived from, or dependent on, the U.S. Constitution, which may not be submitted to a vote and may not depend on the outcome of an election. It is one of the most sacred and valuable Rights, as sacred as the Right to private property ⋯ and is regarded as inalienable. (16 C.J.S., Constitutional Law, Sect.202, p.987). Any claimed law by a body politic or its/their administrators contrary to or other than this is a lie and criminal.

    Propertys de jure administration by a personal sovereigns (individually or in concert) delegate(s) that do/does not recognize absolute / perfected allodium/ownership is criminal. A lawful rule of order only uses here said tools to define property theft such as grand theft, petty larceny, theft by deception, etc.

     -- Mike, Norwalk     
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    Love it, Mike. Now if that were only taught in law school...
     -- E Archer, NYC     
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    This year, there are many representatives up for reelection who think they are the government and that they know what is better for their constituents than their constituents do. Voters would do well to read this quote and remember it in November.
     -- James Grady, Colorado Springs     
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