"The State governments possess inherent advantages, which will ever give them an influence and ascendancy over the National Government, and will for ever preclude the possibility of federal encroachments. That their liberties, indeed, can be subverted by the federal head, is repugnant to every rule of political calculation."
Alexander Hamilton
(1757-1804) American statesman, Secretary of the Treasury
speech to the New York Ratifying Convention, June 17, 1788
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Reader comments about this quote:
WHAT ? ? ? You mean Amerika's National Government that now exists is repugnant to original intent, is an encroachment on inherent advantages and precludes the body politic of States united - WOW, what a novel concept. Hmmm How prophetic! I guess that explains when I read the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, original writings and documents, founding philosophies and doctrines that precipitated a formal structuring to protect freedom, liberty, justice for all, natural law and inalienable rights differs SO radically from what exists today.
 -- Mike, Norwalk     
  • 6 1
    In this instance, Mr. Hamilton's powers of observation and prescience failed him and us.

    Lamentably, the states have not proven to be vigilant in their defense of their sovereignty, having succumbed to the siren song blandishments and intimidation of the
    hideosity that the Federal Leviathan has become.

    Ultimately, the malady remains rooted in the susceptibility of the Sovereign Individual to cede his autonomy to an ever ravening State.

     -- Patrick Henry, Red Hill     
  • 3
    The states once cherished their rights, but then came federal monies with strings attached.
     -- Cal, Lewisville, TX     
  • 4
    As always, MONEY TALKS...or there would be no Stacknpack housing, no Common Core, no federal land and water grabs, no subsidies for some businesses, no Affordable Care Act, etc...no elected policy makers in office lacking values enuff to honor their Oath once in office.
     -- Abby     
  • 2
    What ???? is right. Hamilton's calculations were in La La land. By the time 1859 came around, Washington's argument with Jefferson pertaining to the individual States and their inherent right to nullify hit the table. Resulting in the bloodiest war this country has ever seen over individual and state sovereignty. Hamilton was a socialist banker. To be a fly on the wall in those days. Hamilton got his due, With current situations today and the economic policies being formed, it is best for the incoming leadership to Consider Heavily, The INDIVIDUALS, We the People, who put them in a position of/as a public servant to lesson the overburden. "The yoke of necessity needs no extra burden." DRAIN THE SWAMP, redirect funds, lesson the burden ACROSS THE BOARD. " RESOLVED, That the government formed by the Constitution of the United States was not the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; but that, as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, Each party has an Equal Right to Judge for itself, as well of infractions as of the mode and measure of redress. Resolved, That the principle and construction contended for by the party which now rules in the counsels of the nation, that the general government is the exclusive judge of the extent of the powers delegated to it, Stop Nothing Short of Despotism, since the discretion of those who Administer the government, and Not the Constitution, would be the measure of their powers; That the several States which formed "that" instrument, being Sovereign and Independent, Have the " Unquestionable Right" to judge of its infractions; and that a Positive Defiance of those Sovereignties, of All unauthorized acts done or attempted to be done under Color of that instrument, is the Rightful remedy." Wisconsin Supreme Court, 1859 Statement.
     -- Ronw13, Oregon     
  • 2
    That was the intent. However, the 'transformation' of the federation of free republics of America (known as the united States of America) into a nationalized (not federal), centralized collection of states dependent upon the national government to create the currency for trade. The nationalization of the States after the Civil War and the progressive taxes and claims of Washington DC upon all the People and States led to the establishment of a central bank to whom ALL are beholden and perpetually in debt. Hamilton was instrumental in putting the US on this road to serfdom.
     -- E Archer, NYC     
  • 4
    Alexander Hamilton's comment was correct .. except for the fact that Hamilton himself acted "repugnant" when he set up the first Central Bank.
     -- Mary - MI     
  • 1
    what is the meaning in this quote ?
    what is he trying to say in simpler words ?
     -- Mak, Smithtown     
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