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Quote from Nien Cheng,

“The newspaper announced that the mission of the Red Guards was to rid the country of the ‘Four Olds’: old culture, old customs, old habits, and old ways of thinking. There was no clear definition of ‘old’; it was left to the Red Guards to decide. First of all, they changed street names.”
These words leaped out at me yesterday while rereading an old copy of Nien Cheng’s classic “Life and Death in Shanghai.”


Nien Cheng (more quotes by Nien Cheng or books by/about Nien Cheng)

[Yao Nien-Yuan 姚念媛] (1915 - 2009) Chinese author who recounted her harrowing experiences during the Cultural Revolution in her memoir 'Life and Death in Shanghai'


Life and Death in Shanghai, 1987



Amazon Img URL:,204,203,200_.jpg


China, Communism, Insurgence, History, Culture, Free Thought, Revolution, Oppression, Propaganda


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